Proptosis is an eye condition that affects your vision and appearance, which may, in turn, impact your confidence and self-esteem.

What is proptosis?

Proptosis, also known as exophthalmos or thyroid eye disease, is a condition that causes your eyes to bulge out of their natural position.

The bulging of your eyes may make it difficult for you to blink, which can lead to a lack of lubrication on the outer layer of your eyes (cornea).

In addition to cornea damage, proptosis may also cause other complications, such as double vision or low vision.

What causes proptosis?

The most common cause of proptosis is Graves’ disease.

Grave’s disease is an autoimmune disorder that affects your thyroid gland and the tissue behind the eye.

Aside from Graves’ disease, the causes of proptosis include the following:

Proptosis symptoms

If your eyes are bulging, you may notice that the white part of your eyes is more visible, and your eyeballs are pushed forward from your eye sockets.

Other symptoms of proptosis that your ophthalmologist should promptly evaluate include the following:

You should contact your eye specialist if you experience any of the above symptoms in only one eye.

Proptosis diagnosis

Your ophthalmologist will first establish your medical history and ask about your symptoms to diagnose proptosis.

They will also perform a comprehensive eye exam, which may involve the following:

Additional tests your eye specialist may recommend to diagnose proptosis include the following:

Proptosis treatment

If you have proptosis, your treatment options may include using artificial tears, such as drops or gel, to alleviate dry eyes and protect your cornea.

If an infection is present, your opthalmologist may prescribe antibiotics.

In cases where proptosis is related to an underlying condition, such as hyperthyroidism or thyroid eye disease, your eye specialist may recommend IV medications like teprotumumab (Tepezza®).

Other non-surgical treatments for bulging eyes may include

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to:

Why choose Vision Pros to treat your proptosis?

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